All manuscripts received will be peer reviewed before publication. Reviewers,
normally two per manuscript, will have 30 days to complete their revision. If
possible, the author should indicate three or four referees qualified to review
the manuscript (and any referees who should be avoided, providing a proper
explanation for this). Authors are asked to closely follow the guidelines below
to avoid delay in the revision process. All manuscripts should be submitted to
the editor by email (email@example.com),
as a Word document; receipt will be acknowledged. Manuscripts will be taken for
revision only if they are not being concomitantly considered for publication
Manuscripts should be written in English. If English is not the first language
of the author(s), please consider, prior to submission, a revision by a native
speaker or a person well-versed in the language. Please note that language
editing will not affect the decision on acceptance/rejection of the manuscripts.
Both American and British English are accepted, as long as this choice remains
constant throughout the whole text.
The manuscript should be submitted as a Word document. The text should be
justified, the font Times New Roman size 12, line spacing 1.5. Exceptions for
this formatting are noted below (please also refer to the appropriate section
for manuscripts presented as research notes).
Font size 14, bold, centered. Authorship of taxa should not appear in the title.
If the inclusion of high ranking taxa is needed, only class and family should be
given (separated by a comma). Example: “Notes on the distribution of
Cepaea vindobonensis (Gastropoda,
- Author name:
First and last names should be spelled in full; middle names should be
- Author affiliation:
Indicated by numbers. Font size 11.
- Short running head:
Maximum 50 characters.
Maximum 300 words.
Up to five keywords should be provided. They should not repeat the title.
Headings (like “abstract”, “introduction” and so on) should be in all caps,
bold, centered. A second level of subsidiary headings can be used; these should
be justified, bold. Do not number headings.
- Main text:
The main text normally consists of
Introduction, Material and Methods, Results (or Systematic Descriptions),
Discussion. The main text should be followed by the Acknowledgements (if any),
References, Figure Captions (if any) and Table Captions (if any).
(1) The International System of Units (metric system) should be
used. (2) Nomenclature and nomenclatural acts (descriptions of new taxa and
taxonomic revisions) must be in agreement with the International Code of
Nomenclature (4th ed., 1999). (3) Geological periods, epochs, ages
and so on must be in accordance with the International Stratigraphic Chart
(published by the International Commission on Stratigraphy). (4) When
applicable, the methodology must be in accordance with international, national
and/or institutional legislation and regulations for the ethical treatment of
- Type material:
Authors are required to deposit type specimens in public museums or
institutional collections. Authors should also request registration numbers of
deposited material in advance to avoid unnecessary delay of publication.
- Voucher material:
Authors of non-taxonomical works are also strongly advised to deposit voucher
material in public museums or institutional collections.
- Authorship of molluscan taxa
should be given for all genus and lower level ranks. Authorship should be
included in the References section for species and lower level ranks.
- Authorship of non-molluscan taxa
need not be given.
- Use of hyphens and en-dashes:
Hyphens should be used to link compound words and some prefixes. En-dashes (–)
should be used to link spans, like size ranges, distribution, page numbers,
figure numbers and years.
should be altogether avoided.
- Supplementary data
are not accepted. All data should appear in the main text.
Nomenclature and Systematic Descriptions
The names of genera, subgenera, species and subspecies should be italicized.
When taxa of these levels are first mentioned, the authority and date should be
given in the following manner (and included in the References):
Bulimulus Leach, 1814;
Bulimulus fazendicus Maury, 1935;
Bulimulus regularis (Pfeiffer, 1852).
Headings for all taxonomic categories in taxonomic papers should be centered.
Abbreviations of nomenclatural acts, such as “comb. nov.” and “sp. nov.”, should
be in bold. In works dealing with genus or species-level taxa, the only
mandatory higher-level taxa to be given is the family (sub-family is optional).
The type species of the genera should always be noted.
The synonymy should be presented in font size 11, in a condensed format, in
chronological order of usage, as in the example below:
Bulimus zebra Spix, 1827 (non Bruguière, 1789): 8, pl. 7, fig. 5.
Bulimus (Bulimulus) onager
Beck, 1837: 64.
Reeve, 1848: pl. 45, fig. 284; Küster & Pfeiffer, 1844: 167, pl. 16, fig. 16;
Pfeiffer, 1853: 342; Küster & Pfeiffer, 1854: pl. 50, figs. 9–10.
Albers, 1860: 213.
Drymaeus (Leiostracus) onager:
Pilsbry, 1899: 94, pl. 14, fig. 16; Morretes, 1949: 151.
Leiostracus (Leiostracus) onager:
Breure, 1979: 127.
Parkinson, Hemmen & Groh, 1987: 132, pl. 12, fig. 9; Salgado & Coelho, 2003:
163; Simone, 2006: 122, fig. 383.
Subsidiary headings in taxonomic descriptions should be in bold, with the text
continuing on the same line: “;Diagnosis: …”. These headings
should include, in the following order: Type material (for new taxa only;
otherwise the types should be given in the beginning of the “material examined”
section), Material examined, Etymology (for new taxa only), Diagnosis,
Description (or separate headings for Shell, Radula etc.), Distribution,
Habitat, Remarks (if any). Leave a blank line between the topics. Diagnoses and
descriptions must be presented in “telegraphic” taxonomic style, unless regular
full sentences are needed for clarity or more detailed explanations.
References in the text should be like::
- “Smith (2001) said…”
- or “… (Smith 2001)…”
- or “… (Smith 2000a, 2000b;
Smith et al. 2010)
Note that, when in parentheses, the authors’ names appear in small caps. To do
this in MS Word, select the word, right click on it, select “Font”. In the newly
opened Font dialog box, under “Effects”, select the “Small Caps” check box.
As remarked above, authorship of a taxon is never in small caps and has a comma
between the author’s name and the year.
The references should be listed alphabetically. Authors’ names should be in
bold. Journal (and book) titles should be in italics and cited in full. When a
book title contains a genus or species name, it should not be italicized. The
format for each case is as follows: ;
Gould S.J. & Vrba E.S.
(1982) Exaptation: a missing term in the science of form.
Paleobiology 8(1): 4–15.
(1899) Manual of Conchology. Second
Series: Pulmonata. Vol. 12. American Bulimulidae: North American and Antillean
Drymaeus, Leiostracus, Orthalicinae and Amphibuliminae. Academy of Natural
Sciences of Philadelphia, Philadelphia.
Ponder W.F., Colgan D.J., Healy J.M., Nützel A, Simone L.R.L., Strong E.E.
(2007) Caenogastropoda. In: Ponder
W.F. & Lindberg D.L. (Eds.) Molluscan
Phylogeny. University of California Press, Los Angeles. Pp. 331–383.
(2012) Title of website.
Publisher name. Available from: http://xxx.xxx.xxx/ (Date of access:
Figures should be indicated in the text as “… (Figure 1)”, “… (Figures 1, 3, 5)”
or “… (Figures 1–5)”. They should be numbered in a single series, with Arabic
numerals. Figure captions should be placed at the end of the manuscript, after
All figures should be submitted in .jpeg or .tiff format, with a minimum
resolution of 300 dpi. All figures must be prepared in a manner ready for
publication (i.e., Strombus does not
offer figure editing services).
Tables should be presented on a separate Word document. They should be referred
to in the text as “Table 1” and so forth. Table captions should be placed at the
end of the manuscript, after the Figure Captions.
Short manuscripts (up to four pages of text, with 1.5 spacing) can be submitted
as Research Notes. There should be no abstract or headings. All other regular
guidelines also apply to research notes. References should be cited as in full
updated July 2014